The Language Acquisition Approaches and the Development of Literacy Skills in Children

Main Article Content

Ahmet Çakıroğlu



The purpose of this study is to examine the language acquisition approaches whose conceptions of language acquisitions are transferred to learning environments through adjustments made on the basis of application methods. The paper also discussed their similarities and differences. Different approaches to language acquisition in various disciplines, different views, and perceptions of it have been developed. There are some approaches completely distinct from others, while there are some others affected by different perspectives. In addition to the language acquisition approaches mentioned above, the paper delineated what literacy skills are and what kind of hierarchical order is followed by the development of these skills. The study, on one hand, deliberated children’s innate abilities and their acquired skills. by examining the reading and writing methods and from which approach they have been affected. The study, on the other hand, summarized the views of Vygotsky, whose contributions to learning in general and language acquisition in particular are better understood today. In brief, this paper discusses and explains the language acquisition approaches and the development process of children’s literacy skills.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ÇAKIROĞLU, Ahmet. The Language Acquisition Approaches and the Development of Literacy Skills in Children. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 201-206, jan. 2019. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 23 aug. 2019.


Atkinson, R. L., Atkinson, R. C., Smith, E. E., Bem, D., J., & Hoeksema, S. N. (2010). Hilgard’s Introduction to Psy¬chology. (Y. Alogan, Çev.). Ankara: Arkadaş.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review, 84, 191- 215.
Bruner, J. S. (1978). The role of dialogue in language acquisi¬tion. In A. Sinclair, R. J. Jarvella, & W. J. M. Levelt (Eds), The child’s conception of language (pp. 241-256). New York: Springer-Verlag.
Bruner, J. S. (1984). In Search of Mind: Essays in Autobiography (Alfred P. Sloan Foundation Series) (p. 183). New York: HarperCollins.
Chaney, C. (1994). Language development, metalinguistic awareness, and emergent literacy skills of 3-ye¬ar-old children in relation to social class. Applied ps¬ycholinguistics, 15(3), 371-394.
Chomsky, N. (1957). Syntactic structure. Mouton.
Chomsky, N. (1967). Recent contributions to the theory of innate ideas. Synthese 17, 2-11.
Crystal, D. (1997). The Linguistic Identity of English-language Dictionaries of Linguistics. Lexicographica, 13, 17-33
Ege, P. (2007). Dil ve Kavram Gelişimi. Seyhun Topbaş. (Ed). Çocuklarda okuryazarlık gelişimi. Ankara: Kök.
Ehri, L. C. (2005). Learning to read words: Theory, findings, and issues. Scientific Studies of reading, 9(2), 167-188.
Ersanlı, K. (2012). Öğrenmede Davranışsal Yaklaşımlar. Binnur Yeşilyaprak (Ed). Eğitim Psikolojisi, Gelişim-Öğren¬me-Öğretim. Ankara: Pegem.
Gleitman, L. R., Osherson, D. N., & Liberman, M. (Eds.). (1995). An invitation to cognitive science: Language (Vol. 1). MIT Press.
Greene, H. A., & Petty, W. T. (1975). Developing language skills in the elementary schools.
Hood, M., Conlon, E., & Andrews, G. (2008). Preschool home literacy practices and children’s literacy develop¬ment: A longitudinal analysis. Journal of Educational Psychology, 100(2), 252.
Goodman, K. S. (1984). The development of initial literacy. (Eds.). Goelman H, Olberg A, Smith F, Awakening to literacy. Exeter: NH: Heinemann Educational Books.
Maviş, İ. (2007). Dil ve Kavram Gelişimi. Seyhun Topbaş. (Ed). Çocukta dil edinim kuramları. Ankara: Kök Yayıncılık.
Owens, R. E. (2001). Language development: An introduction. Needham Heights; MA: Allyn & Bacon.
Piaget, J. (1926). The thought and language of the child. Jean Piaget New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Company.
Piaget, J. (1971). Biology and knowledge. An essay on relations between organic regulations and cognitive processes. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press
Piaget, J. (1973). To understand is to invent: The future of edu¬cation.
Plante, E., & Beeson, P. (1999). Introductions to the professions of audiology and speech-language pathology. Communication & communication disorders: A clinical introduction, 1-16.
Puntambekar, S., & Hübscher, R. (2005). Tools for scaffolding students in a complex learning environment: What have we gained and what have we missed?. Educati¬onal psychologist, 40(1), 1-12.
Stanovich, K. E. (2000). Progress in understanding reading: Scientific foundations and new frontiers. Guilford Press.
Skinner, B. F. (1957). Century psychology series. Verbal behavior. East Norwalk, CT, US: Appleton-Century- Crofts.
Teale, W. H. (1995). Young children and reading: Trends across the twentieth century. Journal of Education, 177(3), 95-127.
Tudge, J., & Scrimsher, S. (2003). Lev S. Vygotsky on education: A cultural-historical, interpersonal, and individual approach to development. Educational psychology: A century of contributions, 207-228.
Wood, D., Bruner, J. S., & Ross, G. (1976). The role of tutoring in problem solving. Journal of child psychology and ps¬ychiatry, 17(2), 89-100.
Van Kleeck, A., & Schuele, C. M. (1987). Historical perspecti¬ves on literacy in early childhood. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1962). Language and thought. Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press, Ontario, Canada.
Vygotsky, L. (1978a). Interaction between learning and de¬velopment. Readings on the development of children, 23(3), 34-41.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1978b). Mind in society: The development of higher mental processes (M. Cole, V. John-Steiner, S. Scribner, & E. Souberman, Eds.). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1987). Thinking and speech (N. Minick, Trans.). In R. W. Rieber, & A. S. Carton (Eds.), The col¬lected works of L. S. Vygotsky. Volume 1: Problems of general psychology (pp. 39–285). New York, NY: Ple¬num Press.
Vygotsky, L. S. (1998). The problem of age. The collected works of LS Vygotsky, 5, 187-206.