Developmentally Appropriate Technology in Early Childhood (DATEC) in Botswana: In-Service Teachers’ Perspectives

Main Article Content

Kabita Bose


Developmentally Appropriate Technology in Early Childhood (DATEC) aims to identify the
most appropriate applications of Information and Communication Technology to support the
development of children under eight years of age. Botswana has a unique spread of
population density and deep-rooted socio-cultural values. There is a need to address the
compatibility of these aspects with the application of Information and Communication
Technology in the proposed Early Childhood Education programmes throughout Botswana.
The researcher felt that the views of the in-service teachers, (who are now students of the
Bachelor of Education Programme) in the University of Botswana and have specialized in
Early Childhood Education, would be a valuable input towards an appropriate Early
Childhood Education curriculum. Hence, a study was proposed to assess the views of the
teachers, regarding DATEC in Botswana. Forty (40) fourth year students (Level 400) of
Bachelor of Education (Primary) Programme of University of Botswana, who specialised in
early years and have a good exposure to Information and Communication Technology
constituted the sample. Their views were obtained from a semi-structured questionnaire.
Both quantitative and qualitative approaches were used for analysis of data. The findings of
the study showed that the respondents strongly believed that an integration of Information
and Communication Technology with the Early Childhood Education curriculum is
necessary to enhance an overall development of young children. Computers with relevant
resources were thought to be the best Information and Communication Technology
applications in Early Childhood Education for a developmentally appropriate programme
that would provide educational concepts, problem solving skills and creativity. However,
they emphasised the need to make the technology socio-culturally compatible to citizens of
Botswana (Batswana) to facilitate developmentally appropriate education of young children.
The study concluded with a few recommendations.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
BOSE, Kabita. Developmentally Appropriate Technology in Early Childhood (DATEC) in Botswana: In-Service Teachers’ Perspectives. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 3, p. 218-231, aug. 2017. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 july 2019.


Beliefs, Values and Practices. (2008). Retrieved on 2nd May 2008 from:
Bose, K. (2005). Computer use in Reception schools, A Case of Gaborone, Botswana. Early
Childhood Education Journal, 33(1)17-24.
Carr, M. and Claxton, G. (2002). Tracking the Development of learning dispositions.
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy and Practice, 9(1).
Clements, D. H., Nastasi, B. K., & Swaminathan, S. (1993). Young children and computers:
Crossroads and directions from research. Young Children, 48(2), 56-64.
Crook, C. (2003). Computers and Collaborative Experience of Learning. London: Routledge.
Developmentally Appropriate Technology for Early Childhood (DATEC): An
Interactive Symposium. Presenters: Retrieved on 2nd May 2008 from:
Davidson, J., & Wright, J. L. (1994). The potential of the microcomputer in the early
childhood classroom. In J. L. Wright & D. D. Shade (Eds.), Young children: Active
learners in a technological age (pp. 77-91). Washington, DC: National Association for
the Education of Young Children.
Gay, L.R. and Airasian, P. (2003). Educational Research Competencies for Analysis and
Applications. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Grant, Debbie. (2003). A Isn't for Apple Anymore, A is for Assistive Technology, B is for
Babies and C is for Computer. Retrieved on 4th May 2008 from:
Hosein, M. (2007). Educational Software Design for young children with reference to
Trinidad. Asian Journal of Information Technology: Medwell Journals. 6(8), 870-872.
Iram, Siraj-Blatchford and John, Siraj-Blatchford. (2007). A Guide To Developing The
Information and Communication Technology Curriculum For Early Childhood
Education. UK: Trentham Books.
Lisa Janicke, H. (2004). Helping Early Childhood Teacher Education Students Learn about
the Internet. Retrieved on 3rd May 2008 from:
html - 18k).
Technology and Young Children—Ages 3 through 8. (1996). A Position Statement of the
National Association for the Education of Young Children. Retrieved on 2nd May,
2008 From: ).
Tutor2U. (2008). Retrieved on 2nd May, 2008 From:
Republic of Botswana. (2003). National Development Plan 9: 2003/4-2008/9- Ministry of
Finance and Development Planning. Botswana: Government Printers.