This study examines the influence of early numeric activities at home on children’s mathematics achievement in fourth grade. It also examines the mediating effects of early numeracy competencies and self-efficacy beliefs in mathematics on this relationship. We used Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2015 Korean data, selecting nationally representative samples of fourth-grade elementary students (N = 4 669) and their parents. We conducted confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling to analyze the data. Our findings revealed that students who engage in more early numeracy activities at home are more likely to have high mathematics achievement in fourth grade. Early numeracy competencies and self-efficacy beliefs positively mediate this relationship. Moreover, we found sequential mediating effects of early numeracy competencies and self- efficacy beliefs on this relationship. Based on the findings of the study, we propose several implications.
Seoul National University of Education
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