For authors

General Information 
Articles must be written in good English (British or American). All manuscripts should be prepared according to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2001, 5th edition; for more details, please see: http://www.apastyle.org/). Documents that are not written in APA style will be returned to the sender for reformatting.    

Electronic format requirements for accepted articles 
IEJEE accepts most word-processing formats, but ‘MS-Word', ‘WordPerfect' or ‘OpenOffice Writer' is preferred. Always keep a backup copy of the electronic file for reference and safety. Authors are advised to consult papers published before as sample.  

Preparation of text 
The text should be in single-column format and should be single-spaced throughout with right and left margins of at least 3 cm each. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Manuscripts should normally be between 15 and 25 pages in length. The page limit does not include the title page, abstract and references. Italics are not to be used for expressions of Latin origin, for example, in vivo, et al., per se. Use decimal points (not commas); use a space for thousands (10 000 and above). To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the spell-check and grammar-check functions of your word-processor.  

Title page 
Provide the following data on the title page (in the order given).
Title: Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.

Author names and affiliations:  Where the family name may be ambiguous (e.g., a double name), please indicate this clearly. Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate address. 

Corresponding author: Clearly indicate with a footnote that who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Provide the full postal address of the corresponding author, including the country name, and the e-mail address. Ensure that telephone numbers (with country and area code) are provided in addition to the e-mail address. Please also provide short biographical statements and e-mail addresses for all authors. 

Abstract:  A concise and factual abstract is required (maximum length 200 words). The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should, therefore, be avoided, but if essential, they must be cited in full, without reference to the reference list. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself. Manuscripts submitted as brief reports, critiques, forum articles, and reviews do not require abstracts. 

Keywords. Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of five keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of'). Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes.

Arrangement of the article 
Subdivision of the article: Divide your article into clearly defined sections. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Introduction: State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results. 

Method. Research design and method should be clearly defined. 

Results: Results should be clear and concise. 

Discussion: This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions: The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Acknowledgements: Place acknowledgments, including information on grants received, before the references, in a separate section, and not as a footnote on the title page. 

References. See separate section, below. 

Author(s) bio statement(s): Please provide short biographical statement(s) and e-mail of author(s). 

Appendices: If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc.

Specific remarks 
Tables and figures: Tables and figures must be embedded in the text, not appended to the end of the document. High-resolution graphics and image files must always be provided separate from the main text file. Figures need to be clear and efficiently constructed in order to keep file sizes from exceeding what the system can handle. Number the tables and figures consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Place footnotes to tables below the table body and indicate them with superscript lowercase letters. Avoid vertical rules. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. When preparing tables, if you are using a table grid, use only one grid for each individual table and not a grid for each row. If no grid is used, use tabs, not spaces, to align columns. Figures and tables should have their positions clearly marked and be provided on separate sheets that can be detached from the main text. 
Table footnotes: Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter. 
Footnotes: Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Many word-processors build footnotes into the text and this feature may be used.  

References 
Citations in the text: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association.

You are referred to the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition, ISBN 1-55798-790-4, copies of which may be ordered from:http://www.apa.org/books/4200061.html 
Details concerning this referencing style can also be found at: 
http://linguistics.byu.edu/faculty/henrichsenl/apa/apa01.html.
  
Reference list: References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a','b', 'c' etc., placed after the year of publication.