The Hierarchical Effects of Individual and Organizational Variables on Elementary School Teachers’ Lifelong Learning Competence

Main Article Content

Young-Sun Shin JuSung Jun


The purpose of this study was to analyze the hierarchical effects of individual and organizational variables on elementary school teachers’ lifelong learning competence. The participants in this study comprised 1,077 teachers in service in 70 public elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. There are three major findings. First, gender, lifelong learning experience, learning agility, learning motivation, and positive psychological capital among the individual variables had meaningful positive effects on lifelong learning competence. Second, knowledge sharing among the organizational variables had meaningful influence on lifelong learning competence. Finally, interactions between gender and knowledge sharing and between learning motivation and learning organization culture had statistically meaningful effects.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
SHIN, Young-Sun; JUN, JuSung. The Hierarchical Effects of Individual and Organizational Variables on Elementary School Teachers’ Lifelong Learning Competence. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 205-212, dec. 2019. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 jan. 2020.


An, J. I. (2013). Structural relationships between the variables of elementary school teacher's self-leadership, teacher efficacy, learning organization culture, self-directed learning ability, and teacher's competency as a learning-facilitator (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
Bock, G. W., Zmud, R. W., Kim, Y. G., & Lee, J. N. (2005). Behavioral intention formation in knowledge sharing: Examining the roles of extrinsic motivators, social-psychological forces, and organizational climate. MIS Quarterly, 29(1), 87-111.
Byun, S. J. (2016). Research on variables relating to the mathematical disposition of young children using hierarchical linear modeling (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Korea National University of Education, Chungju, Korea.
Canadian Council on Learning (2010). The 2010 Composite Learning Index: Five Years of Measuring Canada’s progress in Lifelong Learning. Retrieved from
Cutler, L. D. (2003). An exploration of educational leadership that meets standards of care and quality (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of New York, New York, USA.
Delors, J., Mufti, I. A., Amagi, I., Carneiro, R., Chung, F., Geremek, B.,…Nanzhao, Z. (1996). Learning: The treasure within. Report to UNESCO of the international commission on education for the twenty-first century. Paris: UNESCO Publishing.
Gupta, A. K., & Govindarajan, V. (2000). Knowledge management's social dimension: Lessons from Nucor Steel. Sloan Management Review, 2(1), 71-80.
Gupton, S. L. (2010). The instructional leadership toolbox: A handbook for improving practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Hager, P., & Halliday, J. (2006). Recovering informal learning: Wisdom, judgement and community. Dordrecht: Springer.
Hallinger, P., & Murphy, J. (1985). Assessing the instructional management behavior of principals. The Elementary School Journal, 86(2), 217-247.
Hopkins, B., Cartwright, F., & Schoof, U. (2010). The ELLI Index Europe 2010: ELLI European Lifelong Learning Indicators: Making lifelong learning tangible! Gutersloh, Germany: Bertelsmann Stiftung.
Hyun, Y. S., Riu, J. R., & Park, J. K. (2016, 10). Reconceptualization of learning transfer from the viewpoint of lifelong education. Paper session presented at the meeting of Korea Society for Lifelong Education, Chuan-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.
Im, C. H., Wee, Y. E., & Lee, H. S. (2017). A study on the development of the learning agility scale. The Korean Journal of Human Resource Development, 19(2), 81-108.
Kim, J. H., Jeon, E. S., & Park, S. K. (2014). Exploratory empirical study on enterprise workers' lifelong learning competence as lifelong learners. The Journal of Agricultural Education and Human Resource Development, 46(1), 181-205.
Kim, M. S. (2013). An empirical study on the moderating effect of individual goal orientation and organizational characteristics on the relationships between self-directed learning ability and knowledge sharing. Korean Corporation Management Review, 20(4), 249-271.
Kim, M. S., Kim, Y. J., & Kang, S. (2009). Effects of individual and organizational characteristics on knowledge learning and adoption: Focused on Six Sigma education and training. Journal of The Korean Data Analysis Society, 11(6), 3249-3263.
Kim, Y. I. (2016). The structural relationships between the variables of self-directed learning ability, learning agility, positive psychological capital, and job satisfaction of secondary school teachers (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
Kim, Y. J. (2015). A study on the structure relation between elementary school teachers’ learning community, knowledge sharing, and job performance (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
Kim, Y. S. (2013). An analysis of structural relationship among teachers' recognized mentoring, teacher efficacy and school organizational commitment (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Kyungnam University, Masan, Korea.
Lee, E. J., Jo, J. E., & Yun, M. H. (2017). The effects of education for resolving the information gap on the lifelong learning competence of the middle aged. The Journal of the Korean Society for Fisheries and Marine Science Education, 29(5), 1313-1330.
Lee, K. H. (2015). Structural relationships between learning organization culture, teacher's learning motivation, LMX of principal-teacher, teaching professionalism perceived by elementary school teachers (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
Lee, K. J., Choi, J. Y., & Jang, S. H. (2009). The analysis of the level and its difference by teaching career of elementary teachers' core competencies. The Journal of Korean Teacher Education, 26(3), 219-240.
Lee, R., H., Hu, S. H., Park, J. Y., & Lee, H. S. (2017). Analysis of the effect of lifelong learning motivation on lifelong learning competency: Focusing on the mediation effect of empowerment. Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society, 19(2), 931-943.
Lee, S. H. (2013). Influence of travel agency employees’ knowledge sharing on their job performances (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Keimyung University, Seoul, Korea.
Lim, E. (2016). International comparison of learning attitude and competence levels of Koreans (KRIVET Issue Brief, 98). Sejong, Korea: Korea Research Institute for Vocational Education & Training.
Luthans, F., & Yousef, C. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2007). Psychological capital. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
Park, R. J. (2010). The effect of a school principal's leadership in adult education, the school's organizational culture, and teacher's learning culture on the organizational effectiveness (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.
Sahin, M., Akbasli, S., & Yelken, T. Y. (2010). Key Competences for Lifelong Learning: The case of prospective teachers. Educational Research and Reviews, 5(10), 545.
Selvi, K. (2011). Teachers’ Lifelong Learning Competencies. International Journal of Curriculum and Instructional Studies, 1(1), 62-69.
Sirinides, P. M. (2009). Educational leadership and student achievement: Path ways of instructional influence (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelpia, USA.
Song, J. H., & Chermack, T. J. (2008). A Theoretical approach to the organizational knowledge formation process: Integrating the concepts of individual learning and learning organization culture. Human Resource Development Review, 7(4), 424-442.
Uzunboylu, H., & Hursen, C. (2012). Lifelong Learning Competence Scale (LLLCS): The study of validity and reliability. H. U. Journal of Education, 41, 449-460.
Watkins, K. E., & Marscik, V. J. (2003). Make learning count! Diagnosing the earning culture in organizations. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 5(2), 132-151.
Yang, B. (2003). Identifying valid and reliable measures for dimensions of a learning culture. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 5(2), 152-162.
Yoo, S. (2012). Structural relationships between the variables of the principal's educational leadership, learning organization culture, teacher efficacy and teacher's learning flow (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Soongsil University, Seoul, Korea.