Interviewing to Understand Strengths

Main Article Content

Michael R. Hass

Abstract

Interviewing clients about their strengths is an important part of developing a complete understanding of their lives and has several advantages over simply focusing on problems and pathology. Prerequisites for skillfully interviewing for strengths include the communication skills that emerge from a stance of not knowing, developing a vocabulary of strengths that allows practitioners to identify and name them, and having a “ear for strengths.” Building on this, Saleebey (2008) offers a framework of eight types of questions that allow us to explore strengths in depth with clients.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
HASS, Michael R.. Interviewing to Understand Strengths. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 3, p. 315-321, jan. 2018. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <https://iejee.com/index.php/IEJEE/article/view/411>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2018.
Section
Articles

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.
Anderson, H., & Goolishian, H. (1992). The client is the expert: A not-knowing approach to therapy. In. S. McNamee & K. Gergen (Eds.), Social construction and the therapeutic process (pp. 25–39). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Benard, B. (2004). Resiliency: What we have learned. San Francisco, CA: WestEd
Cicchetti, D., Rogosch, F. A., Lynch, M., & Holt, K. D. (1993). Resilience in maltreated children: Processes leading to adaptive outcome. Development & Psychopathology, 5(4), 629. doi:10.1017/S0954579400006209
Creed, T. A., Reisweber, J., & Beck, A. T. (2011). Cognitive therapy for adolescents in school settings. New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.
De Jong, P., & Kim Berg, I. (2013). Interviewing for solutions. Belmont, Calif.: Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.
De Shazer, S. (1988). Clues: investigating solutions in brief therapy. New York: W.W. Norton, 3-17. doi:10.1177/0533316412474924
Duncan, B. L., & Miller, S. D. (2000). The client's theory of change: Consulting the client in the integrative process. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 10(2), 169-187. doi:10.1023/A:1009448200244
Emmons, R. A., & Stern, R. (2013). Gratitude as a psychotherapeutic intervention. Journal of Clinical Psychology, (8), 846. doi:10.1002/jclp.22020
Epstein, M. H., Hertzog, M. A., & Reid, R. (2001). The Behavioral and Emotional Rating Scale: Long Term Test–Retest Reliability. Behavioral Disorders, (4). 314.
Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology: The broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions. The American Psychologist, 56(3), 218–226.
Garmezy, N. (1993). Children in poverty: Resilience despite risk. Psychiatry, 56, 127–136.
Gillham, J. E., Reivich, K. J., & Shatté, A. J. (2001). Building optimism and preventing depressive symptoms in children. In E. C. Chang, E. C. Chang (Eds.) , Optimism & pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice (pp. 301-320). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association. doi:10.1037/10385-014
Jantsch, E. (1980). The self-organizing universe: scientific and human implications of the emerging paradigm of evolution. Oxford, U.K.: Pergamon Press.
Kohlberg, L., & Ricks, D., & Snarey, J. (1972). The predictability of adult mental health from childhood behavior. In B. B. Wolman (Ed.), Manual of child psychopathology (pp. 1217–1284). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Kohlberg, L., & Ricks, D., & Snarey, J. (1984). Childhood development as a predictor of adaptation in adulthood. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 110, 91–172.
Kral, R., & Kowalski, K. (1989). After the miracle: The second stage in solution focused brief therapy. Journal of Strategic & Systemic Therapies, 8(2-3), 73-76.
Lopez, S. J., Snyder, C. R., & Rasmussen, H. N. (2003). Striking a vital balance: Developing a complementary focus on human weakness and strength through positive psychological assessment. In S. J. Lopez & C. R. Snyder (Eds.). Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Luthar, S. S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: a critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71(3), 543-562.
Masten, A. S. (2014). Ordinary magic: Resilience in development. New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.
Masten, A. S., & Curtis, W. J. (2000). Integrating competence and psychopathology: Pathways toward a comprehensive science of adaption in development. Development and Psychopathology, 12(3), 529-550. doi:10.1017/S095457940000314X
Murphy, J. J. (2015). Solution-focused counseling in schools., 3rd ed. Alexandria, VA, US: American Counseling Association.
Nickerson, A. B. (2007). The use and importance of strength-based assessment. School Psychology Forum: Research in Practice, 2, 15-25. f
Nickerson, A. B., & Fishman, C. E. (2013). Promoting mental health and resilience through strength-based assessment in US schools. Educational and Child Psychology, 30(4), 7-1.
Pedrotti, J. T., Edwards, L. M., & Lopez, S. J. (2008). Promoting Hope: Suggestions for School Counselors. Professional School Counseling, 12(2), 100-107.
Rachman, S. (1979). The concept of required helpfulness. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 17(1), 1-6. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(79)90044-5
Rutter, M. (2013). Annual research review: Resilience—Clinical implications. Journal Of Child Psychology And Psychiatry, 54(4), 474-487. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2012.02615.x
Saleebey, D. (2008). Commentary on the Strengths Perspective and Potential Applications in School Counseling. Professional School Counseling, 12(2), 68-75.
Seligman, M. P. (2004). Authentic happiness: using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press, 2004.
Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (1992). Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to adulthood. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
Werner, E. E., & Smith, R. S. (2001). Journeys from childhood to midlife: Risk, resilience, and recovery. Ithaca, NY, US: Cornell University.
World Health Organization. (1993). ICD-10, the ICD-10 classification of mental and behavioural disorders: Diagnostic criteria for research. Geneva: World Health Organization.