The Norwegian educational system, the linguistic diversity in the country and the education of different minority groups

Main Article Content

Kamil Özerk

Abstract

Linguistic diversity has always been and still is one of the current issues in the Norwegian
educational system. Norwegian is the official language of the country, but, there have been
several distinct dialects and two official written Norwegian languages in the country since 1885.
One of them is Bokmål and the other is Nynorsk. There has also been an indigenous Sami
people with three different Sami languages in the country: Northern Sami, Lulesami and
Southern Sami in the country. At the same time there are two national minority groups, Kvens
and the Roma people, who have their own languages. In addition about 200 languages are
represented among linguistic minority children with immigrant parents/grandparents. This
linguistic diversity means that almost 15% of Norway’s population of 5 million has another first
language than Norwegian. This paper gives a brief account of policies and challenges related to
multilingualism and multilingual education in the Norwegian educational system.

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ÖZERK, Kamil. The Norwegian educational system, the linguistic diversity in the country and the education of different minority groups. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 43-60, aug. 2017. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <https://iejee.com/index.php/IEJEE/article/view/32>. Date accessed: 20 june 2019.
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