# Mathematical Problem-Solving Processes of Students with Special Needs: A Cognitive Strategy Instruction Model 'Solve It!'

### Abstract

A Cognitive Strategy Instruction Model namely 'Solve It!' which involves cognitive and metacognitive elements, was developed by Montague (1992) and it is one of the process based teaching strategies. Solve It! is a strategy which aims to teach seven cognitive strategy steps (i.e., read, paraphrase, visualize, hypothesize, predict, calculate, and check) and in each of the cognitive strategy step it contains three metacognitive steps (ask, say, and check). This strategy was used to teach solving word problems to students with special needs. This study aims to evaluate the studies using Solve It!. The reviewed studies are located by conducting searching in the electronic databases, journal indexes and references of studies. A total of 48 studies were found. The researchers reviewed them in terms of inclusion and exclusion criteria and retained 12 of them for descriptive analysis. Analyses showed that Solve It! was found to be effective in teaching mathematical problem solving skills to *students with special needs. *Findings are discussed, suggestions for researchers and practitioners are made.

### References

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### Keywords

Solve It! Model, Students with Disabilities, Cognitive Strategy Instruction, Mathematical Problem Solving.