The “Motivational Climate in Physical Education Scale” in Greek Educational Context Psychometric Properties and Gender Effects

Main Article Content

Gregory Masadis Filippos Filippou Olga Kouli Dimitris Gargalianos Stella Rokka Evangelos Bebetsos Vasiliki Derri Sofia Damianidou Aikaterini Koupani Eleni Samara Dafni Siarenou Dafni-Anastasia Filippou


The aim of this study was to carry out a preliminary validation of “Motivational Climate in Physical Educational” (Soini, Liukkonen, Watt, Yli-Piipari, & Jaakkola, 2014) in Greek educational context. 184 (101 male & 83 female) elementary school students of grades 5th & 6th from different regions of the country participated in the survey. The Greek version of Motivational Climate in Physical Educational (Soini, Liukkonen, Watt, Yli-Piipari, & Jaakkola, 2014) was used for data’s collection. The data’s statistical analysis included: a. Descriptive analysis (M, SD, Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin and Bartlett’s test of Sphericity, and Measure of Sampling Adequacy), b. Exploratory factor analysis, c. Reliability analysis, d. one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance. The analysis shows: a. the questionnaire retains the structure of the four factors that its designers have recommended b. internal cohesion of the four factors was impressively high (.85 the lowest and .90 the highest). Survey data show: a. The Greek version of the “Motivational Climate in Physical Educational” is a reliable tool of measurement of motivational climate in the Greek educational elementary school environment, b. gender determines the climate of motivation with male students scoring higher in task involving and autonomy factors whereas girls perform better in task involving and relatedness.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
MASADIS, Gregory et al. The “Motivational Climate in Physical Education Scale” in Greek Educational Context Psychometric Properties and Gender Effects. International Electronic Journal of Elementary Education, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 4, p. 321-324, apr. 2020. ISSN 1307-9298. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 july 2020.


Banville, D., Desroriers, P., & Genet-Volet, Y. (2000). Translating questionnaires and
inventories using a cross-cultural translation technique. Journal of Teaching in Physical Education, 19, 374-387.
Bournelli, P., Koutsouki, D., Zografou, M., Aggelonidis, I., Chatzopoulos, D., & Agalianou, O. (2012). Physical Education for 3rd & 4th elementary school grades. Teacher’s book. Athens. Textbook Publishing Organization.
Castro-Sánchez, M., Zurita-Ortega, F., García-Marmol, E., & Chacón-Cuberos, R.
(2019). Motivational Climate towards the Practice of Physical Activity, Self-Concept, and Healthy Factors in the School Environment. Sustainability, 11(4), 999.
Cid, L., Pires, A., Borrego, C., Duarte-Mendes, P., Teixeira, D., Moutão, Z., & Monteiro, D. (2019). Motivational determinants of physical education grades and the intention to practice sport in the future. PLoS ONE 14(5): e0217218.
Colquitt, G., Walker, A., Langdon, J.L., McCollum, S., & Pomazal, M. (2012).
Exploring student attitudes toward physical education and implications for policy. Sport Scientific & Practical Aspects, 9(2), 5-12.
Fox, K. (1992). Education for exercise and the national curriculum proposals: A step forward or backwards. British Journal of Physical Education, 23(1), 8-11.
Ghofrani, M., & Golsanamlou, M. (2012). Students' perception of physical education courses and its relationship with their participation in sport activities. Sport Scientific & Practical Aspects, 9(1), 21-31.
Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). Intrinsic motivation and self-
determination in exercise and sport. Champaigne, IL: Human Kinetics.
Hair, J., Anderson, R., Tatham, R.L., & Black, W.C. (1998). Multivariate data
analysis, (5th ed.), NJ: Upper Saddle River, Prentice-Hall.
Iconomescu, M., Mindrescu, V., & Popovici, I. (2018). A comparative study
regarding secondary school students’ satisfaction degree regarding the physical education class in Romanian and in Turkey. SHS Web of Conferences 48, 01028,
Institution of Educational Policy. 21 century ,contemporary school, New curriculum.
Teacher’s guide. Athens.
Jaakkola, T., Yli-Piipari, S., Barkoukis, V., & Liukkonen, J. (2017). Relationships
among perceived motivational climate, motivational regulations, enjoyment, and PA participation among Finnish physical education students, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 15(3):273-290 http://10.1080/1612197X.2015.1100209.
Jaakkola, T., Wang, J., Soini, M., & Liukkonen, J. (2015). Students’ Perceptions of
Motivational Climate and Enjoyment in Finnish Physical Education: A Latent Profile Analysis. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 14(3):477-483.
Koundouras, St. (2017). The Impact of Motivational Climate and Basic Psychological
Needs on the Formation of Beliefs for Leisure-Time Physical Activity in Primary School Students. Unpublished postgraduate dissertation. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
Morgan, K. (2017). Reconceptualizing Motivational Climate in Physical Education
and Sport Coaching: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. QUEST, 69(1):95–112
Ntoumanis, N., Barkoukis, V., & Thøgersen-Ntoumani, C. (2009). Developmental
trajectories of motivation in physical education: Course, demographic differences, and antecedents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101(3), 717-728.
Papaioannou, A., Theodorakis, I., & Goudas, M. (2003). For a better Physical
Education. Thessaloniki: Christodoulidi.
Parissi, I. (2010). The effect of self perception and motivational climate to the
student’s moral judgment competence: empirical study to Artistic and Typical High Schools on physical education class. Unpublished postgraduate dissertation. Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.
Soini, M., Liukkonen, J., Watt, A., Yli-Piipari, S., & Jaakkola, T. (2014). Factorial validity and internal consistency of the motivational climate in physical education scale. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine, 13(1), 137-144.
Treasure, D.C., & Roberts, G.C. (1995) Applications of Achievement Goal Theory to
Physical Education: Implications for Enhancing Motivation, Quest, 47:4, 475-489, DOI: 10.1080/00336297.1995.10484170.