Eye-Tracking As a Tool in Process-Oriented Reading Test Validation


Oddny Judith SOLHEIM, Per Henning UPPSTAD


Abstract

The present paper addresses the continuous need for methodological reflection on how to validate inferences made on the basis of test scores. Validation is a process that requires many lines of evidence. In this article we discuss the potential of eye tracking methodology in process-oriented reading test validation. Methodological considerations are highlighted and special significance is placed on the importance of studying the first reading of a text as well as reading while answering questions about it. This point of view expands the traditional scope of eye-tracking methodology in reading research. We conducted a small-scale study in which 18 12-year olds read and answered questions about a multimodal text. In this study comprehension scores were related to allocation of visual attention in two conditions: (i) reading a text passage for the first time; and (ii) rereading of the text passage while answering questions about it.


Keywords

Reading Comprehension, Assessment, Validity, Eye-Tracking

Paper Details

Paper Details
Topic EU Education Programs
Pages 153 - 168
Issue IEJEE, Volume 4, Issue 1, Special Issue Reading Comprehension
Date of acceptance 01 October 2011
Read (times) 557
Downloaded (times) 189

Author(s) Details

Oddny Judith SOLHEIM

National Centre of Reading Education and Reading Research, University of Stavanger, Norway


Per Henning UPPSTAD

National Centre of Reading Education and Reading Research, University of Stavanger, Norway


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