Translating Advances in Reading Comprehension Research to Educational Practice


Danielle S. McNAMARA, Panayiota KENDEOU


Abstract

The authors review five major findings in reading comprehension and their implications for educational practice. First, research suggests that comprehension skills are separable from decoding processes and important at early ages, suggesting that comprehension skills should be targeted early, even before the child learns to read. Second, there is an important distinction between reading processes and products, as well as their causal relationship: processes lead to certain products. Hence, instructional approaches and strategies focusing on processes are needed to improve students’ reading performance (i.e., product). Third, inferences are a crucial component of skilled comprehension. Hence, children need scaffolding and remediation to learn to generate inferences, even when they know little about the text topic. Fourth, comprehension depends on a complex interaction between the reader, the characteristics of the text, and the instructional task, highlighting the need for careful selection of instructional materials for individual students and specific groups of students. Finally, educators may benefit from heightened awareness of the limitations and inadequacies of standardized reading comprehension assessments, as well as the multidimensionality of comprehension to better understand their students’ particular strengths and weaknesses.


Keywords

Reading Comprehension Research, Education Practice, Instructional Implications

Paper Details

Paper Details
Topic EU Education Programs
Pages 33 - 46
Issue IEJEE, Volume 4, Issue 1, Special Issue Reading Comprehension
Date of acceptance 01 October 2011
Read (times) 1017
Downloaded (times) 284

Author(s) Details

Danielle S. McNAMARA

Arizona State University, United States


Panayiota KENDEOU

Neapolis University Pafos, United States


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