The Effect of Cooperative Learning on Students’ Achievement and Views on the Science and Technology Course
The aim of this study was to reveal how reading comprehension skills of elementary fourth graders who have problems in reading comprehension can be improved by means of the SCRATCH program. The study was designed as a participant action research. It was carried out within a 15-week process at an elementary school with middle socio-economic level in the Eskisehir province in the fall term of the 2015-2016 school year. The participants of the study were eight fourth graders who had problems in reading comprehension and were selected based on the criterion sampling method. Different data gathering tools were employed in different stages of the study. These were the Informal Reading Inventory, readability assessment rubric, participant selection form and identification forms for developmental level in reading comprehension for the quantitative data, and observation notes, a researcher diary, video recordings, teacher and student observation notes, and the projects the students prepared using the SCRATCH program for the qualitative data. In the study, the analysis of the quantitative data was done with correlation analysis, and Kendall W Test that shows inter-rater reliability. In addition, the identification forms for developmental level in reading comprehension were used to reveal the improvement in reading comprehension skills, and the Informal Reading Inventory was employed to score these forms. On the other hand, the qualitative data were analysed through the thematic analysis method, and MAXQDA was used for the analysis. As a result of the analyses, it was found that the reading level of the eight students who had problems in reading comprehension went up from the anxiety level to the instructional level in some forms, and even to the independent reading level in other forms; in other words, there was an improvement in the reading comprehension skills of all eight students.
|Pages||124 - 150|
|Issue||IEJEE, Volume 9, Issue 1|
|Date of acceptance||27 September 2016|
Akyol, H. (2006). Yeni programa uygun Türkçe öğretim yöntemleri. Ankara: Kök Publishing.
Akyol, H. (2013). Programa uygun Türkçe öğretim yöntemleri (6th Edition). Ankara: Pegem A Akademi Publishing.
Ateş, S., Çetinkaya, Ç., & Yıldırım, K. (2012). How to choose a readable book. Elementary Education Online, 11(2), 319-331.
Ateşman, E. (1997). Türkçe’de okunabilirliğin ölçülmesi. Ankara University Language Journal, 58, 71-74.
Aydemir-İleri, Z., Öztürk, E., & Horzum, M. B. (2013). The effect of reading from screen on the 5th grade elementary students’ level of reading comprehension on informative and narrative type of texts. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 13(4), 2263-2276.
Baştuğ, M., & Keskin, H. K. (2012). Comparison of reading skills in terms of the reading environment: Screen vs. paper. Atatürk University Journal of Graduate School of Social Sciences, 16(3), 73-83.
Berg, B. L. (2001). Qualitative research methods for the social sciences (4th Edition) [Electronic Version]. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
Berktaş-Türkmen, D. (2001). The effect of using educational technology on the ability of reading comprehension. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Gazi University, Ankara.
Bloom, B. S. (1995). İnsan nitelikleri ve okulda öğrenme (D. A. Özçelik, Translator). İstanbul: Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı Publishing.
Bogdan, R. C., & Biklen, S. K. (2007). Qualitative Research for Education: An Introduction to Theories and Methods (5th Edition). Boston: Pearson.
Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.
Brown, T. (2006). Comprehending reading comprehension, comprehending reading comprehension a computer-assisted instructional aide. Unpublished Master's Thesis, University of California State, California.
Çavuşoğlu, E. (2010). The research on the relation between reading comprehension level and math problem solving achievement of 5th grade students. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Gazi University, Ankara.
Ciampa, K. (2012). ICANREAD: the effects of an online reading program on grade 1 students’ engagement and comprehension strategy use. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 45 (1), 27-59.
Coşkun, İ. (2010). Improving reading comprehension and writing skills of elementary school 4th graders and effects of these skills on each other: An action research. Unpublished Doctorate Thesis, Gazi University, Ankara.
Doty, D. E. (1999). Cd-Rom storybooks and reading comprehension of young readers. Unpublished Doctorate Thesis, University of Ball State, Indiana.
Ertem, İ. S., & Özen, M. (2014). The effect of screen reading of texts on meaning making. The Journal of Academic Social Science Studies, 24, 319-350.
Hendricks, C. (2006). Improving schools through action research: A comprehensive guide for educators. Boston: Pearson Education.
Karatay, H. (2014). Okuma eğitimi: Kuram ve uygulama (2nd Edition). Ankara: Pegem A Akademi Publishing.
Maddox, C. G. (2013). The impact of etextbook audio readings and digital projects on the reading comprehension of elementary students. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of United States, New York.
May F. B. & Rizzardi, L. (2002). Reading as communication (6th Edition). USA: Prentice Hall.
McKernan, J. (1996). Curriculum action research: A handbook of methods and resources fort he reflective practitioner (2nd Edition). London and New York: Routledge Taylor &Francis.
Mills, G. E. (2003). Action research: A guide for the teacher researcher (2nd Edition). New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Morton, M. L. (2005). Practicing praxis: Mentoring teachers in a low‐income school through collaborative action research and transformative pedagogy [Electronic Version]. Mentoring and Tutoring: Partnership in Learning, 13(1), 53-72.
O'Brien, R. (2001). An overview of the methodological approach of action research [Electronic Version]. R. Richardson (Editor). Theory and Practice of Action Research. http://www.web.ca/~robrien/papers/arfinal.html address. (Date of Access: 02.12.2014).
O’Reilly, T., & McNamara, D. S. (2007). The impact of science knowledge, reading skill, and reading strategy knowledge on more traditional “high-stakes” measures of high school students’ science achievement. American Educational Research Journal, 44(1), 161-196.
Özçelik, E. G. (2011). Effect of reading comprehension skill on success. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Hacettepe University, Ankara.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd Edition) [Electronic Version]. USA: Sage.
Pearman, J. C. (2008). Independent reading of CD-ROM storybooks: Measuring comprehension with oral retellings. The Reading Teacher, 61(8), 594–602.
Stevens, B. (2014). E-reading comprehension versus conventional reading comprehension of junior high students. Unpublished Doctorate Thesis, University of Northcentral, Arizona.
Thooft, N. A. (2011). The effect of audio books on reading comprehension and motivation. Unpublished Master's Thesis, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Tomal, D. R. (2010). Action research for educators (2nd Edition) [Electronic Version]. New York: Rowman & Littlefield.
Ulu, M. (2011). Determining the errors of primary school 5th grade students in nonroutine problems and an application to eliminate these errors. Unpublished Doctorate Thesis, Gazi University, Ankara.
Uzun, C. (2010). Elementary student’s mathematical problem solving successes’s analyse by demographic variables and reading comprehension skills. Unpublished Master's Thesis, Uşak University, Uşak.
Vilenius‐Tuohimaa, P. M., Aunola, K., & Nurmi, J. E. (2008). The association between mathematical word problems and reading comprehension. Educational Psychology, 28(4), 409-426.
Walker, C. M., Zhang, B., & Surber, J. (2008). Using a multidimensional differential item functioning framework to determine if reading ability affects student performance in mathematics. Applied Measurement in Education, 21(2), 162-181.
Yaman, H., & Dağtaş, A. (2013). Ekrandan okumanın okuduğunu anlamaya etkisi. Okuma Yazma Eğitimi Araştırmaları, 1(2), 64-79.
Timothy A. BRUSSEAU, James C. HANNON
Fahretdin Hasan ADAGİDELİ , Seda SARAÇ, Engin ADER
Mohamad Syarif SUMANTRI , Retni SATRIANI
Ercan ARI, Berfu KIZILASLAN TUNÇER, Mehmet Kaan DEMİR
İsmail Özgür ZEMBAT
Abdullah M. SERAYE
Miftachul HUDA , Kamarul Azmi JASMI , Aminudin HEHSAN , Mohd Ismail MUSTARI , Masitah SHAHRILL , Bushrah BASIRON , Saikou Kawsu GASSAMA