The Effect of Cooperative Learning on Students’ Achievement and Views on the Science and Technology Course
The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of formative testing and self-directed learning on mathematics learning outcomes. The research was conducted at an elementary school in central Jakarta during the 2014/2015 school year. Seventy-two fourth-grade students who were selected using random sampling participated in this study. Data were obtained through testing and were analyzed using a two-line analysis of variance (ANOVA) according to the treatment design and level of self-directed learning. The results showed that (1) mathematics learning outcomes differ between students who are given formative essay tests and those who are given formative multiple choice tests; (2) there is an interaction effect between formative testing and self-directed learning on mathematics learning outcomes; (3) students with high levels of self-directed learning have better learning outcomes when given formative essay tests than when given formative multiple choice tests; and (4) students with low levels of self-directed learning show no difference in mathematics learning outcomes based on whether they are given formative essay tests or multiple choice tests.
|Pages||507 - 524|
|Issue||IEJEE, Volume 8, Issue 3|
|Date of acceptance||28 January 2016|
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