The Effect of Formative Testing and Self-Directed Learning on Mathematics Learning Outcomes

Mohamad Syarif SUMANTRI , Retni SATRIANI


The purpose of this research was to determine the effect of formative testing and self-directed learning on mathematics learning outcomes. The research was conducted at an elementary school in central Jakarta during the 2014/2015 school year. Seventy-two fourth-grade students who were selected using random sampling participated in this study. Data were obtained through testing and were analyzed using a two-line analysis of variance (ANOVA) according to the treatment design and level of self-directed learning. The results showed that (1) mathematics learning outcomes differ between students who are given formative essay tests and those who are given formative multiple choice tests; (2) there is an interaction effect between formative testing and self-directed learning on mathematics learning outcomes; (3) students with high levels of self-directed learning have better learning outcomes when given formative essay tests than when given formative multiple choice tests; and (4) students with low levels of self-directed learning show no difference in mathematics learning outcomes based on whether they are given formative essay tests or multiple choice tests.


Formative test, Self-directed learning, Mathematics outcomes

Paper Details

Paper Details
Topic Elementary Education
Pages 507 - 524
Issue IEJEE, Volume 8, Issue 3
Date of acceptance 28 January 2016
Read (times) 780
Downloaded (times) 475

Author(s) Details

Mohamad Syarif SUMANTRI

Jakarta State University, Indonesia


Jakarta State University, Indonesia


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