The Effect of Cooperative Learning on Students’ Achievement and Views on the Science and Technology Course
Arab readers, both beginning and advanced, are encouraged to read and accustomed to unvowelized and undiacriticized texts. Previous literature claimed that the presence of short vowels in the text would facilitate the reading comprehension of both beginning and advanced Arab readers. However, with a claimed strict controlling procedure, different results emerged, revealing that the only variable that affected the reading process of Arab adult skilled readers was word frequency, and its effect was limited to the time load of the reading process; this result raised the question of whether the neutral role of short vowels in the text reading process of experienced Arab readers would be maintained for less experienced readers, as represented by fourth graders, or whether word frequency would be the only variable that plays a role in their reading process. In experiment, 1,141 fourth-grade students were randomly assigned to 5 reading conditions: plain, only shaddah, short vowels plus shaddah, only short vowels, and finally the wrong short vowels plus shaddah. In experiment 2, 38 participants from the same population were assigned to a fully vowelized and diacriticized reading condition. Each participant was asked to read two texts, of high and low frequency words and then given recall and multiple-choice tests. In general, the multivariate analysis showed that the only manipulated variable that was found to affect their reading process in terms of reading time load and, to some degree, reading comprehension was word frequency, although its effect was marginal. Accordingly, pedagogical recommendations and future research were proposed.
|Pages||481 - 506|
|Issue||IEJEE, Volume 8, Issue 3|
|Date of acceptance||02 November 2015|
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Timothy A. BRUSSEAU, James C. HANNON
Fahretdin Hasan ADAGİDELİ , Seda SARAÇ, Engin ADER
Mohamad Syarif SUMANTRI , Retni SATRIANI
İsmail Özgür ZEMBAT
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Annemie DESOETE, Gökhan ÖZSOY
Nuray KURTDEDE FİDAN