Impacting Children’s Health and Academic Performance through Comprehensive School Physical Activity Programming
Timothy A. BRUSSEAU, James C. HANNON
The purpose of this study is to investigate the efficiency of learning plan implementation prepared with the cooperative learning method. In particular, the study addresses the effect of cooperative learning on students’ achievement and their views regarding the ‘Systems in Our Body’ unit of the 6th grade Science and Technology lesson. For this purpose, mixed method was used. The study is conducted in the second term of the 2013-2014 academic year, on a study group consisted of 7 girls and 13 boys, a total of 20 students of a private middle school in Istanbul. An achievement scale was utilized for the quantitative data and focus group interviews were hold for the qualitative data. While t-test was used for the quantitative findings, content analysis technique was used for the qualitative data. The result of the study indicated that CL method had a favorable effect on learning. The cooperation based learning-teaching environment provided cooperation, supported permanent learning, provided opportunities to be successful, contributed to the development of social and personal skills, but also caused worry as it requires students to be successful at all stages.
|Pages||451 - 468|
|Issue||IEJEE, Volume 7, Issue 3|
|Date of acceptance||27 May 2015|
Acıkgoz, K.U. (2002). Aktif ogrenme [Active learning]. Izmir: Egitim Dunyası Yayinlari.
Ahmad, Z & Mahmood, N. (2010). Effects of cooperative learning vs. traditional instruction on prospective teachers’ learning experience and achievement. Journal of Faculty of Educational Sciences, 43(1), 151-164.
Akcay, H & Yager R. E. (2010). The ımpact of a science/technology/society/ teaching approach on student learning in five domains. Journal of Science Education Technology, 19,602–611.
Arends, R.I. (1998). Learning to teach. (4th. edition). New York: Mc Graw-Hill.
Aronson, E. (2000). Nobody left to hate. The Humanist, 60(3), 17-21.
Baykul, Y. (2000). Egitimde ve psikolojide olcme: Klasik test teorisi ve uygulamasi [Measurement in education and psychology: Classical test theory and application]. Ankara: OSYM yayınları.
Bowling, A. (2002). Research methods in health: Investigating health and health services. Philadelphia, PA: McGraw-Hill House.
Buyukozturk, S. (2004). Sosyal bilimler icin veri analizi el kitabi [ Data analysis manual for social sciences]. (4. Baskı). Ankara: Pegam A Yayincilik.
Capar, G.I. (2011). Isbirlikli ogrenme yonteminin ogrencinin matematik basarisi ve matematige iliskin tutumu uzerindeki etkililigi: Bir meta-analiz calismasi [Cooperative learning method's effect on student's mathematics achievement and relevant behavior: A meta-analysis study]. Cukurova Universitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu.
Chen, C.S. (2002). Self-regulated learning strategies and achievement in an ıntroduction to ınformation systems course. Information Tecnology, Learning and Performance Journal, 20(1), 11-25.
Creswell, J. W. (2012). Educational research: planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
Deutsch, M. (1962). Cooperation and trust: Some theoretical notes. In M. R. Jones (Ed.): Nebraska symposium on motivation, Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, pp. 275-319.
Gage, L. R. & Berliner, D. C. (1998). Educational research: (6th edition). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Grenier, M., Dyson, B. & Yeaton, P. (2005). Cooperative learning that includes students with disabilities: An effective teaching strategy, cooperative learning promotes student interaction, benefiting students with and without disabilities. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 76: 6-29.
Gok, O., Dogan, A., Doymus, K. & Karacop, A. (2009). Isbirlikli ogrenme yönteminin ilkogretim ogrencilerinin akademik basarılarına ve Fen’e olan tutumlarına etkileri [Effect of Cooperative Learning Method on Primary School Students' Academic Achievement and Attitude Towards Science ]. Gazi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 29 (1), 193-209.
Hall, L. E. (1988). The effects of cooperative learning on achievement: A meta-analysis. (Order No. 8910420, University of Georgia). ProQuest Dissertations and Theses, , pp. 197-197 Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/ 303657371?accountid=17384. (303657371).
Hancer, A. H., Sensoy, O. & Yildirim, H. I. (2003). İlkogretimde cagdas Fen Bilgisi ogretiminin onemi ve nasıl olması gerektigi uzerine bir degerlendirme[An assessment on the importance of modern science instruction and how it should be ]. Pamukkale Universitesi Egitim Fakultesi Dergisi, 13 (1), 80-88.
Johnson, D. W. & Johnson, R. T. (1999). Making cooperative learning work. Theory into practice, 38(2), 67-73.
Johnson, D.W., Johnson, R. & Smith, K. A. (1998). Active learning: Cooperative in the college classroom (2. edition). Edina, Mn: Interaction Book Company.
Kolawole, E. (2007). Effects of competitive and cooperative learning strategies on academic performance of Nigerian students in mathematics. Educational Research and Review, 3(1), 33-37. Retrieved September 03, 2014, from http://www.academicjournals.org/ERR
Kong, J.S.L., Kwok, R. C. W. & Fang, Y. (2012). The effects of peer intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on MMOG game-based collaborative learning. Information & Management, 49(1), 1-9.
Kus, M. Filiz, E., & Altun, S. (2014). Teacher and student thoughts on effectiveness of cooperative learning in geography teaching. Educational Research and Reviews, 9(11),312-319.
Linn, R. L. & Gronlund, N. E. (2005). Measurement and assessment in teaching (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson/Merrill Prentice Hall.
Margolis, H. & McCabe, P. P. (2003). Self-efficacy: A key to improving the motivation of struggling learners. Preventing School Failure: Alternative Education for Children and Youth, 47(4), 162-169.
Ministry of National Education. (2005). Ilkogretim Fen ve Teknoloji dersi ogretim programı ve klavuzu [Learning teaching process: New theories and approaches]. Milli Egitim Yayinlari, Ankara.
Nichols, J. D. & Miller, R.B. (1994). Cooperative learning and student motivation. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 19 (2), 167-178.
Parveen, Q. & Batool, S. (2012). Effect of cooperative learning on achievement of students in general science at secondary level. International Education Studies, 5(2), 154-158.
Rienties, B., Tempelaar, D., Van den Bossche, P., Gijselaers, W. & Segers, M. (2009). The role of academic motivation in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning. Computers in Human Behavior, 25(6), 1195-1206.
Saban, A. (2005). Ogrenme ogretme sureci. Yeni teori ve yaklasimlar [Learning teaching process: New theories and approaches]. (4. Baskı). Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım.
Salili, F. & Lai, M. K. (2003). Learning and motivation of Chinese students in Hong Kong: A longitudinal study of contextual influences on students' achievement orientation and performance. Psychology in the Schools, 40(1), 51-70.
Senemoglu, N. (2012). Gelisim ogrenme ve ogretim. Kuramdan uygulamaya [Development, learning, and instruction: From theory to practice]. 22. Baski. Ankara: Pegem Akademi.
Skinner, B. F. (1985). Cognitive science and behaviourism. British Journal of Psychology, 76(3), 291-301.
Slavin, R. E. (1987). Cooperative learning: Student teams. What research says to the teacher. NEA Professional Library, PO Box 509, West Haven, CT 06516.
Slavin, R. E. (1995). Co-operative learning: Theory, research, and practice. (2nd edition), Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Slavin, R. E. & Oickle, E. (1981). Effects of cooperative learning teams on student achievement and race relations: Treatment by race interactions. Sociology of Education, 54, 174-180.
Stevens, J. (1996) Applied multivariate statistics for the social sciences (3rd. Ed.). New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Tarim, K. (2003). Kubasık ögrenme yonteminin matematik ögretimindeki etkinliği ve kubasık ögrenme yöntemine iliskin bir meta-analiz çalışması. [Efficiency of Cooperative Learning Method in Mathematics Instruction and a Relevant Meta-Analysis Study]. Cukurova Universitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitusu.
Vygotsky, L. (1978). Interaction between learning and development. In M. Gauvain & M. Cole (Eds.): Readings on the development of children, (pp. 34–41).
Yavuz, S. (2007). The effects of ınteractive learning environments on cooperative learning achievement and student anxiety in environmental education. Online Submission, 9(1), 193-204.
Yagcı, E., Kapti, S. & Beyaztas, I. D. (2012). Isbirliğine dayalı ogrenme tekniklerinin fen ve teknoloji dersinde uygulanmasına iliskin bir calisma [A Study on Cooperative Learning Techniques' Use inScience and Technology Course]. Mehmet Akif Ersoy Universitesi Egitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 12(23): 59–77.
Yoshida, H., Tani, S., Uchida, T., Masui, J. & Nakayama, A. (2014). Effects of online cooperative learning on motivation in learning korean as a foreign language. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 4(6), 473-477.
Timothy A. BRUSSEAU, James C. HANNON
Fahretdin Hasan ADAGİDELİ , Seda SARAÇ, Engin ADER
Mohamad Syarif SUMANTRI , Retni SATRIANI
Ercan ARI, Berfu KIZILASLAN TUNÇER, Mehmet Kaan DEMİR
İsmail Özgür ZEMBAT
Abdullah M. SERAYE
Miftachul HUDA , Kamarul Azmi JASMI , Aminudin HEHSAN , Mohd Ismail MUSTARI , Masitah SHAHRILL , Bushrah BASIRON , Saikou Kawsu GASSAMA
Ahmet YAMAÇ, Mustafa ULUSOY