Teaching Primary Grade Students Perfectionism through Cartoons Compared to Bibliotherapy

Miranda L. ZOUSEL, Audrey C. RULE, Stephanie R. LOGAN


This experimental study compared concept acquisition and enjoyment of learning about perfectionism under two conditions: bibliotherapy (control) and analysis and construction of cartoons (experimental) in first, second and third grade students (N=46). Posttest results showed students learned significantly more content in the experimental condition with a medium effect size. Students were more engaged in the cartoon condition, appreciating the humor and opportunity to be creative. Most students reported liking the bibliotherapy but some complained of boredom. The authors recommend that both bibliotherapy and cartoon analysis be used in lessons about perfectionism to maintain student interest and comprehension of concepts.


Perfectionism, Cartoons, Bibliotherapy, Elementary Students

Paper Details

Paper Details
Topic Environmental Education
Pages 199 - 218
Issue IEJEE, Volume 5, Issue 2
Date of acceptance 01 March 2013
Read (times) 720
Downloaded (times) 598

Author(s) Details

Miranda L. ZOUSEL

Marion Independent School District, Marion, Iowa, USA , United States

Audrey C. RULE

University of Northern Iowa, United States, United States

Stephanie R. LOGAN

University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, Iowa, USA, United States


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